Estudo sobre a premiação das áreas de segurança pública no Rio de Janeiro via método multicritério: uma aplicação do método Electre III

Marcio Pereira Basilio, Valdecy Pereira

Resumo


O presente estudo aplicou um multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) para obtenção do ranking das Áreas Integradas de Segurança Pública (AISP), para fins de premiação pelo Sistema Integrado de Metas (SIM). A aplicação de um MCDA teve o objetivo de eliminar o efeito compensatório dos critérios, evitando que o sucesso em um critério compensasse o fracasso em outro. O método escolhido foi ELECTRE III (ELimination Et Choix Traduisant la REalité), pois o problema em análise adequava-se ao tipo (P.γ). Quantos aos fins, a metodologia pode ser classificada como metodológica e aplicada e quanto aos meios, bibliográfica, documental e de laboratório. Os dados foram obtidos em colaboração com a Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, em janeiro de 2017, referindo-se à 12ª edição de premiação do SIM, ocorrida no primeiro semestre de 2015. A escolha desta edição deu-se pelo fato de ser a única em que onze AISPs empataram em primeiro lugar. Para efeito de geração das matrizes de concordância, discordância, credibilidade, ranking parcial e final, foi utilizado o software J-Electre. Como resultado da aplicação do método ELECTRE III, obteve-se um ranking sem empate entre as três primeiras colocações. A eliminação do efeito compensatório pode ser percebida comparando-se os resultados obtidos pelo SIM versus o ELECTRE III, onde a ordem de classificação das unidades foi alterada em 94,87%.


Palavras-chave


MCDA; ELECTRE III; Segurança pública; J-Electre.

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