PARTICIPATORY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: GROUNDED THEORY PROPOSALS

Mireya Palavecinos Tapia, Daniel Henríquez Fernández, Bartomeu Vidal Moranta

Resumo


Ante a crise ambiental e o crescimento das cidades, a vida moderna tornou-se mais complexa. Gestão ambiental das instituições responsáveis viu-se enfrentada a gerar novas estratégias e comunicar com a cidadania para solucionar os problemas ambientais que enfrentam a diário. Descreve-se a metodologia utilizada e a dimensão política do comportamento de denúncia cidadã ante a administração pública. Os resultados oferecem uma opção de gestão mais eficiente, que garanta a participação cidadã como estratégia de qualidade e considere suas propostas para a solução dos problemas ambientais urbanos. Recorre-se ao método misto, e fundamenta-se a análise dos dados na Teoria Fundamentada para conhecer a realidade e as dificuldades das pessoas envolvidas, considerando suas interpretações, tendo como objeto de investigação a percepção sobre os conflitos ambientais. A investigação estruturou-se em etapas e fases sucessivas, realizaram-se entrevistas e pesquisas de especialistas. Analisaram-se  denúncias apresentadas ao município (532 fichas de sugestões e reclamações, por situações de conflitos ambientais urbanos). Entrevistas grupais a vizinhos, representantes de movimentos sociais, servidores públicos e estudantes de uma Universidade. Finalmente foram realizadas pesquisas virtuais e entrevistas individuais a participantes dos grupos. Os resultados permitem descrever e propor um Modelo de Gestão Ambiental Participativa, que considere como critérios para a efetividade, a validação do papel das pessoas na solução aos problemas, permitindo implementar soluções mais pertinentes às necessidades locais e resolver os conflitos ambientais urbanos no gerenciamento público.

Palavras-chave


Gestão ambiental participativa; Cidadã denúncias; Teoria Fundamentada.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/geas.v8i3.15772

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