Blockchain e o potencial de novos modelos de negócios: um mapeamento sistemático

Belmiro N. João

Resumo


Blockchain ou Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) apresenta uma onda de disrupção causada pela tecnologia havendo enormes oportunidades de desenvolvimento futuro. É uma das invenções fundamentais na história da ciência da computação. Apresenta um elemento faltante na Internet que é um protocolo de confiança. Analisando as principais fontes de referências em pesquisas sobre blockchain e de 81 artigos sobre o tópico na base web of science no período entre 2016 e 2018. Foram analisados aspectos das principais fontes da literatura, autores, métodos de pesquisa, países, redes de pesquisas, entre outros. Foi utilizado método bibliométrico e de text analytics para o seu desenvolvimento. Diversos pacotes do software R foram utilizados em codificação própria. Analisou-se progresso atual da tecnologia blockchain, suas limitações e tendências futuras. A pesquisa mostra que a pesquisa doméstica sobre o blockchain está em sua infância. Muitas das pesquisas internacionais ainda usam como case a análise qualitativa. Tópicos como moeda digital, Fintechs e o risco da tecnologia blockchain serão o foco de pesquisas futuras.


Palavras-chave


Blockchain; Modelos de Negócios; Moeda Digital; Bibliometria; Text Analytics

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/gep.v9i3.11121

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