Confiança em compras on-line: um estudo comparativo entre Brasil e Portugal

Marcelo Curth, Winnie Ng Picoto, Alexandre dos Santos Garcia, Ana Filipa Gualberto Neto

Resumo


Objetivo:  O presente trabalho tem como objetivo verificar e comparar as relações das dimensões da confiança (em relação à internet, fornecedor e terceiros), seus antecedentes (qualidade do site e satisfação) e consequentes (lealdade e boca a boca) no Brasil e Portugal no ambiente on-line.

Método: Foi realizada uma survey com usuários que compraram produtos eletroeletrônicos pela internet nos dois países, totalizando 486 respondentes. A técnica estatística utilizada foi Modelagem de Equações Estruturais (MEE) por meio da qual foi testado o modelo conceitual.

Originalidade/Relevância: O estudo avaliou os antecedentes e os consequentes da confiança de diferentes partes, ou seja, confiança no fornecedor, confiança na Internet como sistema de mercado e confiança em terceiros.

Resultados: Indicam bom ajustamento do modelo de acordo com o que é proposto na literatura. A qualidade do site influencia as diferentes dimensões de confiança, a satisfação influencia mais a confiança no fornecedor e em terceiros e esta é a que mais influencia a lealdade. Além disso, verificou-se que a confiança no site fornecedor influencia a lealdade em ambos os países e o boca a boca no Brasil. Também foi observado que a confiança em terceiros tem impacto mais significativo no boca a boca no Brasil, do que em Portugal, assim como a lealdade também tem maior impacto no boca a boca no Brasil do que em Portugal.

Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas: As contibuições sugerem que o fornecedor deve investir na qualidade do site, pois aumentaria a confiança em se tratando de diferentes dimensões envolvidas, possibilitando novas compras no site.


Palavras-chave


Confiança; Lealdade; Boca a boca

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/remark.v19i2.15566

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