Reverse Knowledge Transfer: A Comparison Between Subsidiaries of Emerging Markets and Subsidiaries of Developed Markets

Maitê Alves Bezerra, Sidney Costa, Felipe Mendes Borini, Moacir De Miranda Oliveira Junior


This paper aims at contrasting the impact of the internal and external network on the reverse knowledge transfer process in foreign subsidiaries in Brazil and Brazilian subsidiaries abroad. With regard to foreign subsidiaries, one hundred seventy-two companies were obtained, and as to the database pertinent to subsidiaries of Brazilian firms, the sample acquired consisted of seventy-eight Brazilian subsidiaries abroad. The results show the impact of the network for both types of multinationals, however, the same does not occur with integration.




reverse innovation; reverse knowledge transfer; foreign subsidiaries; network; emerging multinational; emerging markets



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