Infrared thermography in adolescents with Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Priscilla da Silva Freitas, Caroline Cabral Robinson, Rodrigo Py Gonçalves Barreto, Milton Antonio Zaro, Luis Henrique Telles Da Rosa, Marcelo Faria Silva

Resumo


Introduction: Thermography has been used to monitor musculoskeletal disorders, but no study has assessed thermal patterns of anterior tibial tuberosity inflammation that occurs in Osgood-Schlatter Disease (OSD). Objective: To investigate the patterns of knee temperature in adolescents with and without OSD. Methods: Twenty adolescents were separated into two groups: one comprising individuals with OSD and a control in which none had OSD. An infrared image of the knees was recorded after 15 minutes of acclimatization in a temperature-controlled environment, and the maximum absolute knee temperature and the temperature difference (T) between knees were obtained. Results: The maximum knee temperature in the OSD group was significantly higher (p = 0.008) than the highest recorded knee temperature in the control group. The T between knees was significantly higher (p = 0.007) in the OSD group than in the control group. Conclusion: Adolescents with OSD present knee thermal asymmetry and hyper-radiant patterns in the affected knee, these alterations are prominent enough to be detected thermographically through infrared imaging.

Palavras-chave


Osteochondritis; Physical therapy specialty; Puberty; Knee; Thermography.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/conssaude.v12n4.4319

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