PREPARAÇÃO DOS TRABALHADORES PARA A I4.0: REVISÃO SISTEMÁTICA DA LITERATURA

Julio Cesar Melo, Isidoro Rays Filho, Bruno Fonseca Guerra, Jorge Muniz Junior

Resumo


Parece ser consenso entre pesquisadores e profissionais que atuam nas organizações que a indústria 4.0 (I4.0) traz consigo inúmeras ferramentas e tecnologias para as quais os trabalhadores ainda não estão preparados. Para obterem sucesso na implantação da I4.0, os gestores das organizações sabem, ou pelo menos deveriam saber, que os trabalhadores precisarão ser preparados para lidarem com estas ferramentas e tecnologias, caso contrário, todos os esforços e recursos investidos, poderão não trazer os resultados esperados. Por meio de uma revisão sistemática da literatura, este artigo tem o objetivo de analisar e discutir sobre a preparação dos trabalhadores para aturarem na I4.0, para que assim possam exercer suas respectivas atividades com eficiência e segurança. Ao responder à questão sobre o que deve ser considerado para o desenvolvimento dos trabalhadores atuarem na I4.0, identificou-se que três aspectos são levados em consideração pelos pesquisadores que realizaram trabalhos sobre tema, que são as competências dos trabalhadores, os perfis dos cargos e os programas e métodos de treinamento. Estes três aspectos foram analisados visando oferecer aos gestores mais informações para auxiliar na tomada de decisão.     


Palavras-chave


Competências; Treinamentos, Industria 4.0; Trabalhadores; Fábricas inteligentes; Engenharia de manufatura; Gestão das operações.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/exactaep.2022.21905

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