Desenvolvimento sustentável de smart cities baseada no contexto do Triple Bottom Line: uma revisão sistemática de literatura

Luciane Silva Franco, Antonio Carlos Franco, Sergio Luis Dias Doliveira, Ronaldo Ferreira Maganhotto, Cristiana Magni

Resumo


O objetivo do estudo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática sobre desenvolvimento sustentável e smart cities, para entender a relação entre ambos no contexto da ferramenta Triple Bottom Line (TBL). Realizamos uma revisão sistemática usando os bancos de dados ScienceDirect, Scopus e Web of Science no período entre 2003 – julho/2020, resultando na análise completa de 33 artigos. Apresentamos a evolução do conceito ao longo dos anos, periódicos e países mais influentes deste conceito. Este artigo realizou as seguintes técnicas de análise: análise de citações, coocorrência de palavras-chave e autores. Observou-se que para a efetiva implantação de um modelo de smart city, depende, além do planejamento urbano, do enfrentamento de barreiras que impactam no equilíbrio do TBL, como mudanças climáticas, falta de políticas públicas de incentivo para o uso de energia limpa, qualidade de vida da população, saneamento básico, entre outros fatores que são dificuldades encontradas principalmente nos países em desenvolvimento. 


Palavras-chave


Sustentabilidade; Desenvolvimento sustentável; Smart city; Triple Bottom Line.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/exactaep.2021.17877

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