Contribuições da teoria dos commons para o KBD, utilizando dados como um bem comum

Maria Angélica Jung Marques, Jamile Sabatini Marques, Blanca C. Garcia, Tatiana Tucunduva Philippi Cortese

Resumo


Objetivo: Desenvolvimento Baseado em Conhecimento (KBD) é um campo científico multidisciplinar baseado no processo endógeno de criação de valor de compartilhamento de conhecimento. A Teoria Comum de Ostrom, por sua vez, explica como uma comunidade consegue compartilhar um recurso comum limitado sujeito a conflitos sociais. Este artigo revisa a literatura disponível em ambos os campos e pretende responder à questão de pesquisa sobre se e como a Teoria dos Commons pode contribuir para melhor compreensão do campo de KBD.

Metodologia: Análise qualitativa buscando semelhanças sobre as teorias, bem como estudos empíricos que pudessem trazer diferentes lentes para auxiliar na análise e identificar as contribuições da Teoria dos Commons para o campo do KBD.

Originalidade: A recente análise de artigos publicados em periódicos de alto impacto revela a falta de conexão entre commons e KBD.

Contribuições para a gestão: O KBD reúne grupos de pessoas que compartilham recursos tangíveis e intangíveis. A Teoria dos Commons de Ostrom, por outro lado, explica como uma comunidade de pessoas consegue compartilhar um recurso comum limitado sujeito a conflitos sociais. Este artigo aproxima os dois campos de conhecimento, buscando contribuir para o desenvolvimento do campo do KBD.

Resultados: Para os autores, a pesquisa mostra que os dados abertos como novos bens comuns são importantes para melhorar o desenvolvimento econômico do conhecimento como matéria-prima para o desenvolvimento de softwares e aplicativos que contribuem para o desenvolvimento das cidades, gerando empreendedorismo e contribuindo para o ecossistema de inovação.


Palavras-chave


Desenvolvimento baseado em conhecimento; Teoria dos bens comuns; Bens comuns urbanos; Bens comuns de conhecimento; Cidades inteligentes.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/geas.v10i1.18231

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