Capacidade absortiva no contexto da indústria hoteleira: uma análise de práticas de absorção de conhecimentos

Claudia Maria da Silva Bezerra, Heidy Rodriguez Ramos, Anderson Antônio de Lima, Eloisa Elena Shinohara

Resumo


Objetivo do estudo: Identificar quais são as práticas existentes para captar e absorver conhecimentos externos em empreendimentos hoteleiros.
Metodologia/abordagem: O estudo foi desenvolvido com abordagem qualitativa, de caráter exploratório, por meio da análise de casos múltiplos de cinco hotéis, situados no Estado de São Paulo. A coleta de dados foi realizada com entrevistas semiestruturadas e a triangulação dos dados com sites e diários de bordo dos hotéis. A análise dos dados foi a partir da análise de conteúdo executada com o auxílio do Atlas.ti.
Originalidade/Relevância: As inovações resultantes da capacidade absortiva (ACAP), são fundamentais para a competitividade e sucesso de empresas de hotelaria, e são originadas por intensa interação entre funcionários e clientes envolvidos simultaneamente no processo de elaboração e aplicação das inovações.
Principais resultados: Os hotéis objetos deste estudo, possuem práticas de aquisição de conhecimentos externos similares, como participação em feiras e eventos do setor, análise das avaliações e sugestões dos hóspedes. A prática de aquisição predominante e compreendida como mais importante pelos respondentes são as melhorias geradas por meio da análise das avaliações e sugestões dos hóspedes indicadas nos guest coments (sugestões dos hóspedes) e nos meios digitais, redes sociais e OTA´s (Agência de Reservas on-line).
Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas: O estudo está alinhado com a definição de Zahra e George (2002) para ACAP e contribui para a evolução epistemológica do campo de estudo da ACAP e compartilhamento de conhecimento, sobretudo, nos setores de turismo e hotelaria, preenchendo uma importante lacuna na literatura que apresenta escassez de estudos que investigaram as quatro dimensões referentes às práticas de ACAP Potencial (PACAP) e Realizada (RACAP), conforme apresentado por Zahra e George (2002).
Contribuições sociais/para a gestão: Como contribuição gerencial o estudo fornece um guia para os gestores das principais práticas identificadas e em como desenvolver estes processos de forma eficaz e consequentemente, promover inovações nos serviços prestados tendo em vista que os processos relacionados a ACAP são de extrema importância para a competitividade e para o desenvolvimento de inovações na indústria hoteleira.

 


Palavras-chave


Capacidade absortiva; Hotelaria; Turismo; Inovação; Vantagem competitiva sustentável

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/podium.v11i1.20310

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