Panorama das políticas públicas e estratégias para desenvolvimento da captura e armazenamento de carbono: reflexões para o Brasil

Anna Luisa Abreu Netto, Victor Harano Alves, Drielli Peyerl, Pedro Roberto Jacobi, Edmilson Moutinho dos Santos

Resumo


Objetivo: examinar quais políticas públicas e estratégias de financiamento podem estimular a mitigação das emissões de GEE por meio do CCS e refletir sobre o uso desta tecnologia pelo Brasil.

Metodologia: A abordagem da pesquisa foi qualitativa, exploratória e descritiva, baseada na análise documental e bibliográfica sobre o tema.

Relevância: A captura e armazenamento de carbono (Carbon Capture and Storage - CCS) é uma tecnologia emergente com a finalidade de reduzir os gases de efeito estufa (GEE) da atmosfera e, assim, mitigar as mudanças climáticas. Existe uma necessidade de planejamento governamental para o cumprimento dos compromissos assumidos pelo Brasil no âmbito do Acordo de Paris, contexto no qual o uso do CCS pode ser avaliado enquanto estratégia para o país.

Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que a viabilidade de projetos de CCS, na maioria das vezes, está atrelada a uma forte política pública de apoio à tecnologia e que, portanto, possivelmente dependerá da vontade política do governo para que sejam implementados em larga escala.

Contribuições: Análise de possíveis caminhos para o financiamento de CCS no Brasil, examinando, também, possíveis associações entre esta tecnologia e alguns setores brasileiros, como petróleo e gás, bioenergia e cimento.

Conclusão: No Brasil, embora atualmente o CCS esteja exclusivamente associado ao setor de petróleo e gás, esta tecnologia pode ser considerada para outros setores como forma de cumprimento das NDCs brasileiras.  


Palavras-chave


Captura e armazenamento de carbono; Políticas públicas; Precificação do carbono; Títulos verdes; Mudanças climáticas.

Texto completo:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/geas.v10i1.19305

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