Análise cinemática da mobilidade do complexo tornozelo/pé de mulheres com DFP durante testes funcionais de descarga de peso

Amir Curcio dos Reis, Otávio Henrique Cardoso Leite, Cintia Lopes Ferreira, Nayra Deise dos Anjos Rabelo, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli

Resumo


Introdução: A dor femoropatelar (DFP) tem sido frequentemente associada a anormalidades no alinhamento dos membros inferiores e tronco, principalmente durante atividades de descarga de peso. Nesse contexto, fatores proximais e locais têm sido amplamente discutidos. Fatores distais também podem estar envolvidos e precisam ser investigados com mais detalhes. Nosso objetivo foi comparar a cinemática do complexo tornozelo/pé em mulheres com pés pronados e dor femoropatelar pormeio de cinemática tridimensional de mulheres assintomáticas durante a execução dos testes step down anterior e lateral.
Métodos: Cinquenta mulheres foram divididas em dois grupos: controle (n=16); e dor patelofemoral (n=34). Todos os voluntários foram avaliados usando captura de movimento tridimensional durante os testes step down anterior e lateral. Para cada sessão, foram realizadas nove repetições de cada teste clínico no membro mais doloroso das mulheres com DFP e no membro dominante das mulheres do grupo controle. A mobilidade do complexo tornozelo/pé foi medida e a amplitude de movimento foi calculada para todos os segmentos. Os dois grupos foram comparados por meio de análise multivariada (MANOVA).
Resultados: As mulheres do grupo DFP apresentaram menor flexão do joelho e mobilidade significativamente maior de: retropé em relação à tíbia e ao laboratório; do antepé em relação à tíbia; e do antepé em relação ao retropé.
Conclusão: Mulheres com DFP apresentaram maior mobilidade do complexo tornozelo/pé durante os testes de step down anterior e lateral, quando comparadas com mulheres assintomáticas.


Palavras-chave


Joelho; Biomecânica; Step down test; Dor anterior no joelho; Reabilitação.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/21.2022.23125

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