Associação longitudinal entre saúde mental e qualidade do sono em pacientes com doença arterial periférica em dois períodos da pandemia do Coronavírus 2019

Allana Andrade Souza, Carolina Benedetti Castellari, Gustavo Oliveira da Silva, Aluísio Andrade-Lima, Juliana Ferreira de Carvalho, Hélcio Kanegusuku, Aline Mendes Gerage, Marilia de Almeida Correia

Resumo


Objetivo: Analisar a associação longitudinal entre saúde mental e qualidade do sono em pacientes com doença arterial periférica (DAP) em dois períodos da pandemia de COVID-19.
Métodos: Neste estudo longitudinal, 99 pacientes com DAP foram avaliados em dois anos de pandemia de COVID-19 (2020 e 2021). Os pacientes foram entrevistados por telefone, obtendo-se informações sobre saúde mental (ansiedade, infelicidade, estresse e depressão) e qualidade do sono (alteração do sono, dificuldade para dormir e melhora do sono). Os pacientes foram divididos em: sem sintomas (pacientes que não relataram sintomas de saúde mental, n=31, 68,2±9,4 anos) e um ou mais sintomas (com pelo menos um sintoma de saúde mental, n=68, 68,1±9,4 anos).
Resultados: Em 2020, os sintomas de saúde mental foram associados à alteração do sono (OR=5,018; p=0,020), dificuldade para dormir (OR=12,250; p=0,003) e melhora do sono (OR=0,104; p=0,003). Em 2021, a saúde mental esteve associada apenas à alteração do sono (OR=3,522; p=0,035).
Conclusão: O impacto dos sintomas de saúde mental na qualidade do sono de pacientes com DAP foi atenuado durante a pandemia de coronavírus.


Palavras-chave


Pandemia; Isolamento social; Claudicação intermitente.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/21.2022.23400

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