Effect of cardiac rehabilitation program on the Framingham risk score and C-reactive protein after CABG

Elizabeth do Canto Brancher, Dannuey Machado Cardoso, Tiago José Nardi Gomes, Tamires Daros dos Santos, Marília Severo Vicente, Sérgio Nunes Pereira, Isabella Martins de Albuquerque

Resumo


Introduction: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) does not have an effect on the etiopathogenic factors of atherosclerosis, thus, it is crucial to control risk factors. Objective: To analyze the effect of a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program on cardiovascular risk factors, the Framingham risk score (FRS) and levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) of patients undergoing CABG. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study was conducted with a sample of 49 patients, who were participating in a program (24 weeks). Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), FRS, risk (%) of developing coronary artery disease in 10 years (CAD risk), serum levels of LDL-c, triglycerides (TG) and CRP were assessed. Results: The variables BMI, WC, LDL-c, TG, CRP levels, FRS and CAD risk showed significant reductions (p<0,001). Conclusion: The program was effective in reducing cardiovascular risk factors, FRS, as well as the decrease in CRP levels.

Palavras-chave


Myocardial Revascularization; Risk Factors; Rehabilitation Centers; Secondary Prevention.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/conssaude.v15n4.6641

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