Razão entre abertura máxima e excursão lateral mandibular em brasileiros com e sem disfunção temporomandibular

Taisi Antunes da Cunha, Juliana de Paiva Tosato, Margarete Nobilo Leonardis, Rita de Cassia das Neves Martins, Juliana Leite da Silva, Itana Lisane Spinato, Fabiano Politti, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez

Resumo


Introdução: Os movimentos mandibulares (MM) podem oferecer informações importantes sobre a articulação temporomandibular.
Objetivo: Avaliar os MM e a relação entre abertura máxima e excursão lateral mandibular em brasileiros com e sem disfunção temporomandibular (DTM).
Métodos: Estudo transversal com 801 brasileiros entre cinco e 80 anos. Os indivíduos responderam um questionário de triagem; e os MM foram medidos com paquímetro digital. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparar diferenças entre sexos e grupos com e sem DTM. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis foi aplicado para determinar diferenças nos MM entre faixas etárias.
Resultados: Os MM foram menores nos indivíduos com DTM. A razão entre abertura mandibular e excursão lateral foi de 5,23 em mulheres sem DTM e 5,59 em mulheres com DTM. No homens, a proporção foi de 4,75 e 5,52 em indivíduos sem e com DTM, respectivamente.
Conclusão: Os MM são menores em brasileiros com DTM, enquanto que a relação entre abertura mandibular e excursão lateral é maior.


Palavras-chave


Articulação temporomandibular; Transtornos da articulação temporomandibular; Amplitude de movimento articular; Mandíbula.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/21.2022.23393

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