Autenticidade na resistência do consumidor: estratégias de influenciadores para dieta low-carb no Instagram

Carlos André da Silva Müller, Antonieta Ferreira Machado de Oliveira, Fernanda Rodrigues de Siqueira, Vanessa Rodrigues Colares


Objetivo do estudo. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar como influenciadores da dieta low-carb buscam autenticidade em seus discursos de imagens produzidos no Instagram.

Metodologia/abordagem. A pesquisa foi conduzida sob a abordagem qualitativa e abdutiva. Coletaram-se 240 postagens de 6 influenciadores que divulgam a filosofia low-carb. As imagens e suas legendas foram analisadas, codificadas em 483 códigos, elevadas a categorias superiores, que formaram 7 microdiscursos e 3 macrodiscursos, a partir dos quais a análise de autenticidade foi feita.

Principais resultados. As postagens dos influenciadores, conforme macrodiscurso adotado, têm características distintas. A concepção low-carb é um discurso emancipatório; a condução low-carb, um discurso mercadológico; e a estratégia anti-low-carb, um discurso de resistência do consumidor.

Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas. Os três macrodiscursos formam um modelo conceitual a partir do qual discursos afirmativos e de enfrentamento definem a autenticidade da filosofia low-carb. Foi possível desenhar o fluxo de racionalidade-encantamento-luta no qual se analisaram os riscos em que a autenticidade da filosofia low-carb incorre, em cada fase.

Relevância/originalidade. O fluxo entre racionalidade, encantamento e luta representa um entrelaçado de diferentes abordagens teóricas que explicam a autenticidade, em relação ao objetivo de tornar a filosofia low-carb autêntica.

Implicações para a gestão ou sociais. O trabalho ajuda a compreender discursos de influenciadores digitais, mostrando quando estes pendem para uma perspectiva mais estética ou voltada à saúde.


Mídias sociais; Autenticidade; Dieta; Resistência do consumidor; Saúde

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