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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • IJI Journal require a Contributer ID (see ORCID and Redalyc ID) for all authors. ORCID is a persistent unique identifier for researchers and functions similarly to an article’s Digital Object Identifier (DOI). ORCIDs enable accurate attribution and improved discoverability of an author’s published work. The author will need a registered ORCID in order to submit a manuscript or review a proof in this journal.
  • The author(s) ensure that the contribution is original and unpublished and is not being evaluated in other journal(s);
  • The article must be presented in Microsoft Word format or RTF provided that it does not exceed 2MB;
  • Foreign words should be written in italics while neologisms or unusual words should be written in quotations marks;
  • In Microsoft Office documents, the author identification must be removed from the document properties (in the File > Properties menu), click the File tab on the main menu, next File > Info > Check for Issues > Inspect Document > Inspect > choose to Remove everything in the dialog box, review the results in Document Inspector and save.
  • Frames, graphs, tables or illustrations shall be submitted with their captions, quoting the source and legend;
  • Units of measure shall follow the standards of the International System (SI) developed by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) [];
  • By being responsible for the content of the article submitted to the journal, the author authorizes its publication.
  • CRediT: It is obligatory sending the Authors’ contributions in a Supplementary file, if the article was submitted after February 21, 2022. Before this date, all information will be requested in Copyediting Review – which precedes the final publication. The table with information can be copied in the end Authorship Policy. click here

Author Guidelines

Submission policy

The decisions and actions of the Editorial Board are based on ethical principles based on the belief that support scientific journals and publishers should follow the latest advances in the scientific academic world.

Operationally, in accordance with the Open Journal System (OJS) platform, all submitted articles are evaluated by the Editorial Board in terms of their scientific merit, suitability and compliance with the standards of the American Psychological Association (APA) and other precepts of the IJI Journal.

Instructions for authors

Manuscripts submitted to the IJI should be prepared in accordance with this style guide and forwarded in a single MS Word file. This file must contain all the components of the manuscripts, including the title, abstract (in English, Portuguese and Spanish –mandatory for approved works) and all the remaining sections. However, any information that might enable the identification of the author should be removed. Information regarding authorship is registered directly in the System. Authors with approved papers are responsible for reviewing and translating the final version of the manuscript into English – the official language of the IJI, and into the second language.

  • Text formatting: 1.5 spacing;
  • Font size: Times New Roman, 12 point;
  • Extension: maximum of 35 pages, including the entire manuscript, references, tables, figures and annexes;
  • Margins: all margins must be configured for 2.5 cm;
  • Excessively long manuscripts may be returned to authors for amendments prior to a possible assessment;
  • Footnotes and endnotes: should be avoided;
  • Figures and tables: should be editable and placed in the body of the manuscript where referenced
  • Paragraph Indentation: paragraphs should have a 1 cm indentation on the left-hand side;
  • Numbering: all pages should be numbered sequentially, beginning with Page 1.
  • Include in references of eleteconic articles DOI in accessible format, that is with prefix


Structured summary composition 

Maximum 250 words + title + keywords = Portuguese, English and Spanish (abstracts in three languages are mandatory for approved works).

  • Title.
  • Objective of the study (required): Indicate the objective of the work, ie what it intends to demonstrate or describe.
  • Methodology/approach (required): Indicate the scientific method employed in conducting the study. In the case of theoretical essays, it is recommended that the author (s) indicate the theoretical approach adopted.
  • Originality/Relevance (required): Indicate the theoretical gap in which the study is inserted, also presenting the academic relevance of the subject.
  • Main results (required): Briefly indicate the main results achieved.
  • Theoretical/methodological contributions (required): Indicate the main theoretical and/or methodological implications that were achieved through the findings of the study.
  • Socia /management contributions (required): Indicate the main managerial and/or social implications achieved through the findings of the study.
  • Keywords: Between three and five keywords that characterize the work.


  • The body of the manuscript follows the abstract, beginning with the Introduction.
  • The main section titles, such as INTRODUCTION, THEORETICAL REFERENCE FRAMEWORK, METHOD, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, and REFERENCES should be written in bold, capital letters, and be left-aligned on-page.
  • Second-order titles or subtitles should be left-aligned and in bold, with only the first word capitalized. For example: Independent variables.

Footnotes or endnotes

Footnotes or endnotes should be used in moderation and if possible avoided. In any case, authors should not use footnotes to include references to discussions or presentations of concepts. In these situations authors are asked to consider whether the text is relevant and should be included in the body of the text or whether it is marginal and can be excluded.

Tables and figures

  • All tables and figures should appear in the text when cited the first time. All tables and figures should be numbered sequentially and should have an explanatory title.
  • The title number of tables and figures should appear at the top (before the table/figure), with font size 12. Sources and notes should appear at the end, with font size 10 points.
  • A representation with columns and rows should be considered as a table and any other type of illustration as a figure. Differentiations between figures, illustrations, graphs, etc., should be avoided, and all should be considered as figures.


  • At the end of the manuscript, a complete list of the references used in the manuscript should be provided. This list should begin with the statement REFERENCES and be alphabetically organized by last name of the first author (or publisher or journal in cases where no single author is identified). References to the same author should be arranged chronologically and, in the case of referencing several works by the same author and the same year, differentiate using the indication of a, b, c, after the year.
  • The references should be formatted in accordance with the standards of the American Psychological Association (APA). An example is provided below:

- Reference to books

Simon, H. (1977), The new science of management decision. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Nelson, R. & Winter, S. (1982). An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Cyert, R. & March, J. (1963). A behavioral theory of the firm. Oxford: Blackwell.


- References to journal articles

Grant, R. (1996). Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17: 109-122.

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17: 99-120.


- Reference book chapters

Dosi, G. & Marengo, L. (1994). Some elements of an evolutionary theory of organisational competences. In England, R. (ed.) Evolutionary Concepts in Contemporary Economics, pp. 157-178, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

- Reference to theses and dissertations and other unpublished works

Ferreira, M. (2005). Building and leveraging knowledge capabilities through cross border acquisitions: The effect of the multination corporation's capabilities and knowledge strategy on the degree of equity ownership. Unpublished doctoral thesis, David Eccles School of Business of the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Pinto, C., Serra, F. & Ferreira, M. (2014). A bibliometric study on culture research in international business,working paper º 107/2014, globADVANTAGE – Center of Research in International Business & Strategy, Portugal.

- Reference to papers presented at events

SERRA, F., Ferreira, M., Pinto, C. & Serra, B. (2013). Is organizational decline research still important? The specialists’ point of view. Article presented at the 8th Ibero American Academy Conference 2013, São Paulo, Brazil.

Citations in the body of the text

  • Quotes from or references to works in the body of the text should follow the norm of indicating the names of the authors and the year of publication in parentheses. For example: "several studies (Ferreira & Serra, 2009) noted that ..."
  • The page number should be indicated only in direct and accurate quotes. In these cases, the page number follows the year, separated by comma (,) and a "p.". For example, Ferreira and Serra (2009, p. 23).
  • If the work in question has multiple authors, the following procedures should be adopted. If the work has only two authors, both names should be used in all citations. If the work has more than two authors, all the names should be cited on the first reference in the manuscript and subsequently simplified using the expression "et al.". For example, in the first citation, quote: Serra, Fiates and Ferreira (2009). In the following quotes: Serra et al. (2009).

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