Critical success factors of the incubation network of enterprises of the IFES

João Paulo Carmo, Rodolpho da Cruz Rangel

Abstract


This paper entitled “Critical Success Factors of the Incubation Network of Enterprises of the Ifes.” has as main objective of this study was to identify the critical success factors of the entrepreneurship incubation network of the Federal Institute of Espírito Santo. So it was done a single case study was conducted in the Ifes incubator, using documentary analysis and the semi-structured interview. The relevance of this study is found in the application of theoretical elements and in the scientific investigation of Entrepreneurs incubators as environments specialized in supporting projects that are in the early stages of development of your product or prototype. Critical Success Factors are the skills acquired by a manager or his or her work team, who will lead the organization to success. The main results found in this study were, critical success factors are the determining variables to keep incubators competitive, improving their organizational processes and ensuring their survival. Among the identified factors are: financial support and government support of the state of Espírito Santo, institutional support of Ifes, technical and technological support, management of incubator processes and monitoring of incubated companies. The main theoretical and methodological implications of this study indicate that promoting the management of innovative environments requires conditions for application this critical factors and reconciling new management tools. This research is expected to contribute to the opening of other studies, in addition to being an instrument of theoretical and methodological basis so that business incubators can offer better returns with a positive impact on society.


Keywords


Federal Institute; Incubator; Business incubation network; Critical success factors; IRAMUTEQ.

References


Aernoudt, R. (2004). Incubators: tool for entrepreneurship? Small Business Economics, 23(2), 127–135. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:SBEJ.0000027665.54173.23.

Al-Mubaraki, H. M., & Busler, M. (2011). The Development of entrepreneurial companies through business incubator programs. International Journal of Emerging Sciences, 1(2), 95-107.

Anholon, R., & Silva, M. C. (2015). Features of management system developed by a references business incubator: the case of Celta Florianópolis. Revista GEINTEC, 5(1), 1864-1880. https://doi.org/10.7198/S2237-0722201500010021.

Anprotec. (2015). Associação Nacional de Entidades Promotoras de Investimentos de Tecnologias Avançadas. http://www.anprotec.org.br.

Anprotec. (2016). Estudo de impacto econômico: segmento de incubadoras de empresas do Brasil / Associação Nacional de Entidades Promotoras de Empreendimentos Inovadores. – Brasília, DF. http://www.anprotec.org.br/Relata/18072016%20Estudo_ANPROTEC_v6.pdf.

Armbruster, H., Bikfalvi, A., Kinkel, S., & Lay, G. (2008). The challenge of measuring non-technical innovation in large-scale surveys. Technovation, 28(10), 644-657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2008.03.003.

Barbosa, C. F., Nascimento, M. V., Santos, A. M. L. B., Ribeiro, A. R. B., & Silva, F. F. (2014). Análise dos fatores que contribuem para o sucesso ou insucesso de empresas de base tecnológica (EBTS) incubadas: Um estudo multicasos em incubadoras de Pernambuco. Anais do Encontro Nacional de Engenharia de Produção, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

Bardin, L. (2004). Análise de conteúdo (3a. ed.). Lisboa: Edições.

Baron, R. A., & Tang, J. (2011). The role of entrepreneurs in firm-level innovation: Joint effects of positive affect, creativity, and environmental dynamism. Journal of Businees Venturing, 26(1), 49-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2009.06.002.

Bollingtoft, A. (2012). The bottom-up business incubator: Leverage to networking and cooperation pratices in a self-generated, entrepreneurial-enabled environment. Technovation, 32(5), 304-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2011.11.005.

Lei n. 10.973, de 2 de dezembro de 2004 (2004). Dispõe sobre incentivos à inovação e à pesquisa científica e tecnológica no ambiente produtivo e dá outras providências. Brasília, DF. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2004-2006/2004/lei/l10.973.htm.

Bruneel, J., Ratinho, T., Clarysse, B., & Groen, A. (2012). The evolution of business incubator: Comparing demand and supply of business incubation services across different incubator generations. Technovation, 32(2), 110-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2011.11.003.

Buys, A. J., & Mbewana, P. N. (2007). Key success factors for business incubation in South Africa: the Godisa case study. South African Journal of Science, 103(9/10), 356-358. http://www.scielo.org.za/pdf/sajs/v103n9-10/a0110310.pdf.

Carmo, J. P., & Costa, L. (2016). Análise da sustentabilidade econômica de um núcleo de inovação tecnológica integrado a uma incubadora de empresas. Anais do Congresso de Administração Sociedade e Inovação, Minas Gerais, MG, Brasil.

Castro, B. S., & Souza, G. C. (2012). O papel dos Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica (NITs) nas universidades brasileiras. Liinc em Revista, 8(1), 125-140. https://doi.org/10.18617/liinc.v8i1.465.

Corsani, A. (2003). “Elementos de uma ruptura: a hipótese do capitalismo cognitivo” in Galvão, Alexander P. et al. Capitalismo cognitivo: trabalho, redes de inovação Rio de Janeiro, DP&A Editora.

Dornelas, J. C. A. (2012). Planejando incubadoras de empresas: como desenvolver um plano de negócios para incubadoras (2a. ed.). Rio de janeiro: Campus.

Etzkowitz, H., Mello, J. M. C., & Almeida, M. (2005). Towards “meta-innovation” in Brazil: the evolution of the incubator and the emergence of a triple helix. Research Policy, 34(4), 411-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2005.01.011.

Fitjar, R. D., & Rodríguez-Pose, A. (2013). Firm collaboration and modes of innovation in Norway. Research Policy, 42(1) 128-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.05.009.

Fortec. (2015). Fórum nacional de gestores de inovação e transferência de tecnologia. Relatório Anual FORTEC 2014-15. Brasília, DF. http://fortec.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/FORTEC-Relatorio-2014-16-em-160516publicado-corr1.pdf.

Fujino, A., Stal, E., & Plonski, G. A. (1999). A proteção do conhecimento na universidade. RAUSP Management Journal, 34(4), 46-55. http://www.spell.org.br/documentos/ver/18139/a-protecao-do-conhecimento-na universidade/i/pt-br.

Gillotti, T., & Ziegelbauer, R. (2006). Seven components of a successful business incubator. University of Wisconsin Extension. Let’s Talk Business, 119.

Gozali, L., Masrom, M., Zagloel, T. Y. M., & Haron, H. N. (2016). A framework of successful business incubators for indonesian public universities. International Journal of Technology, 7(6), 1086-1096. https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v7i6.3351.

Lalaka, R. (1996). Technology business incubators: Critical determinants of success. Annals of The New York Academy of Sciences: Nova York.

Lee, S. S., & Osteryoung, J. S. (2004). A comparison of critical success factors for effective operations of university business incubators in the United States and Korea. Journal of Small Business Management, 42(4), 418-426. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1540-627X.2004.00120.x.

Maletz, E. A., & Siedenberg, D. R. (2007). A Gestão dos Fatores Críticos de Sucesso nas Incubadoras de Empresas da Região do Ruhr – Alemanha. Anais do EnANPAD, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Martínez-Román, J. A., Gamero, J., & Tamayo, J. A. (2011). Analysis of innovation in SME's using an innovative capability-based non-linear model: A study in the province of Seville (Spain). Technovation, 31(9), 459-475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2011.05.005.

Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação - MCTI. Parques & Incubadoras para o Desenvolvimento do Brasil: Estudos de Impactos do PNI: Programa Nacional de Apoio a Parques Tecnológicos e Incubadoras de Empresas/Ministério de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação – MCTI; Brasília, DF.

Morioka, S., & Carvalho, M. M. (2014). Análise de fatores críticos de sucesso de projetos: um estudo de caso no setor varejista. Production, 24(1), 132-143. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-65132013005000015.

Pyka, A. (2000). Informal networking and industrial life cycles. Technovation, 20, 25-35.

Nelson, R. R. (1993). National innovation systems: a comparative analysis. New York: Oxford University Press, 541.

Ortigara, A. A., Grapeggia, M., Juliatto, D. L., & Bastos, R. C. Análise por agrupamento de fatores de desempenho das incubadoras de empresas. Revista de Administração e Inovação, 8(1), 64-91. https://doi.org/10.5773/rai.v8i1.390.

Padrão, L. C. (2011). Fatores críticos de sucesso no desenvolvimento de produtos de empresas de base tecnológicas. Tese de Doutorado em Administração de Empresas - Faculdade Getúlio Vargas, Escola de Administração de Empresas, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Ratinho, T., & Henriques, E. (2010). The role of science parks and business incubators in converging countries: Evidence from Portugal. Technovation, 30(4), 278-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2009.09.002.

Santos, M. E. R. (2009). Boas práticas de gestão em Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica. In: Santos, M. E. R., Toledo, P. T. M., & Lotufo, R. A. (Orgs.). Transferência de Tecnologia: estratégias para estruturação e gestão dos Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica. Campinas: Komedi, 75-108.

Schumpeter, J. (1984). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. (1ª. ed.). Harper, USA.

Smilor, R. W. (1987). Managing the incubator system: critical success factors to accelerate new company development. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 34(3), 146-155. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.1987.6498875.

Souza, A. C. M. M. (2011). Gestão de Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica. Anais do Congresso Internacional IGLU, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.

Sun, H., Ni, W., & Leung, J. (2007). Critical Success Factors for Technological Incubation: Case Study of Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks. International Journal of Management, 24(2), 346-363.

Tavoletti, E. (2013). Business incubators: effective infrastructures or waste of public money? looking for a theoretical framework, guidelines and criteria. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 4(4), 423-443. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-012-0090-y.

Torkomian, A. L. V., & Calligaris, A. B. (2003). Benefícios do desenvolvimento de projetos de inovação tecnológica. Revista Produção, 13(2), 21-32. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-65132003000200003.

Triguero, A., & Córcoles, D. (2013). Understanding innovation: An analysis of persistence for Spanish manufacturing firms. Research Policy, 42(2), 340-352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.08.003.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5585/iji.v8i2.17390

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Innovation

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Internacional Journal of Innovation

e-ISSN: 2318-9975
journaliji.org

Int. J. Innov ©2020 – All rights reserved.