Pandemia do covid-19: por que é importante para a pesquisa do consumidor?

Lucas Emmanuel Nascimento Silva, Manoel Bastos Gomes Neto, Rebeca da Rocha Grangeiro, Jeniffer de Nadae


Objetivo do estudo: O objetivo deste artigo é revisar sistematicamente a literatura sobre consumo e o comportamento do consumidor no primeiro ano da pandemia COVID-19. Para cumprir esse objetivo, este artigo busca responder às seguintes questões de pesquisa: Qual é o estado da arte da literatura sobre a pandemia de COVID-19 e o consumo/comportamento do consumidor? Quais são as mudanças na vida do consumidor que a literatura tem discutido? Quais são as lacunas de pesquisa sobre consumo/comportamento do consumidor e a pandemia COVID-19?

Metodologia: O método selecionado é a  revisão de escopo da literatura (reviewing scope), contemplando a análise bibliométria, temática e de conteúdo, utilizando  as base de dados da Scopus e Web of Science.

Resultados: Foram Identificados 7 tópicos principais na literatura: mudanças no comportamento do consumidor; enfrentando  os lockdowns; busca e compartilhamento de informações; efeitos psicológicos; comportamento de vício; mudanças no consumo de alimentos; comportamento de compra por pânico e acumulação. Além disso, foram explorados temas emergentes do consumo, como os antecedentes do consumo e o efeito da crise no comportamento humano. Na literatura investigada, a utilização de survey e a Modelagem de Equações Estruturais se configuram como principais estratégias de coleta e análise de dados e as amostras são originárias principalmente de países como EUA e a China.

Contribuições teóricas e metodológicas: Este artigo fornece informações baseadas em evidências para a literatura de marketing, pesquisas de consumo e demais profissionais sobre como a pandemia afetou o domínio do consumidor.

Relevância/originalidade: O comportamento do consumidor foi evidenciado no contexto da pandemia, a partir da perspectiva acadêmica e gerencial. A revisão de escopo da literatura identificou os tópicos, métodos e discussões gerais sobre os efeitos da pandemia no consumo e no comportamento do consumidor, que podem ajudar as empresas a entender o comportamento, estimular outras pesquisas e o desenvolver políticas públicas e organizacionais.


Pandemia do COVID-19; Pesquisa de Consumo; Revisão da Literatura

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